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Glossary of Shipping Terms

The following shipping terms are words that might be unfamiliar to you. Browse the entire list or click a letter below to quickly go to all terms beginning with that letter.



  • Accessorial Service: a service offers in addition to the transportation of goods, such as stopping in transit to complete loading or to partially unload or storage.
  • Advanced Charge: the amount of shipment or other charge on a shipment advanced by one transportation line to another, or to the shipper to be collected from the consignee.
  • Agent: a person authorized to transact business for and in the name of another.
  • Aggregate Shipments: numerous shipments from different shippers to one consignee that are consolidated and treated as a single consignment.
  • Agreed Weight: the weight prescribed by agreement between carrier and shipper for goods shipped in certain packages or in a certain number.
  • Allowance: a sum granted as reimbursement or repayment, or a deduction form the gross weight or value of goods.
  • Alternative Rates: two or more rates, of which the one that produces the lowest charge is applicable.
  • Any-Quantity Rate: a rate applicable to an article in any quantity.
  • Application of Rates: the points from, to, or between which the rates and routes shown in the publication, pricing agreement or customer contract applies.
  • Arrival Notice: a notice, furnished to the consignee, of the arrival of a shipment.
  • Assign: to transfer to another party.
  • Axle Load: maximum load permitted to be carrier on each axle of a motor vehicle.
  • Axle Weight: amount of weight carried by one axle of a tractor or trailer.
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  • Bailment: a contract (such as a bill of lading) which allows to take possession of goods without ownership.
  • Balance Due Bill: a bill rendered by the carrier for under-charges.
  • Basing Rate: a rate used only for the purpose of constructing other rates.
  • Bill of Lading: a commercial shipping document which serves three distinct purposes in connection with the carriage of goods. An itemized list of goods contained in a shipment. It is a receipt from for the goods, represents the contract for carriage and serves as a document of title.
  • Billing Sequence for HM: the description of HM shipment on a bill of lading that requires the following information in this order; proper shipping name, hazard class, U.N. or N.A. number, packaging group, if applicable and 24-hour emergency contact telephone number.
  • Straight Bill of Lading: a non-negotiable document by which a transportation company acknowledges receipt of a shipment and contracts for its movement. The surrender of the original straight bill of lading is not required by transportation lines upon delivery of the shipment, except when necessary for the purpose of indetifying the consignee.
  • Order Bill of Lading: a negotiable document by which a transportation line acknowledges receipt of a shipment and contracts for its movement. The surrender of the original straight bill of lading, properly endorsed, is required by transportation lines upon delivery of the shipment, in accordance with the terms of the bill of lading.
  • Blanket Bond: a bond covering a group of persons, articles or properties.
  • Blanket Rate: the rate applicable from and/or to a group of points, or a special rate applicable on several different articles in a single shipment.
  • Blocking or Bracing: wood or metal supports used to keep shipments in place in or on trailers.
  • Bonded Warehouse: a warehouse approved by the Treasury Department, utilized for storing goods until duties are paid or goods are otherwise properly released.
  • Bonded Indemnity: an agreement made with a transportation line relieving it from liability for any action on its part for which it would otherwise be liable.
  • Breakbulk: a large terminal which separates composite loads into individual shipments, and the route them to different destinations. Also called break or hub or distribution center.
  • Brokerage License: authority granted by the Interstate Commerce Commission to persons to engage in the business of arranging for transportation of persons or property in interstate commerce.
  • Bulk Shipment: shipment not in packages or containers.
  • Business Hours: 8 a.m. to 6 p.m., Monday through Friday, except holidays.
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  • Capacity: amount of shipment which can be carried in a truck or trailer, expressed in terms of weight and measurement.
  • Capacity Load - that quantity of a shipment which, in the manner loaded, fills a vehicle to the extent that no additional article in the shipping form tendered identical in size to the largest article in the shipment can be loaded.
  • Caretaker: an individual accompanying a shipment requiring special attention while en route.
  • Carrier's Shipment Terminal - the service depot or station of the carrier at which shipments are ordinarily loaded or unloaded.
  • Cargo: the lading of a motor vehicle.
  • Carrier: an individual, partnership or corporation engaged in the business of transporting goods or persons, for a fee.
  • Cartage: shipment hauling between locations in the same city, town, suburb, or local area.
  • Certificate of Weight: an authoritative statement of the weight of a shipment.
  • Claim: a written demand made on a transportation provider for payment because of loss or damage alleged to have occurred while shipment was in the provider's possession. Demand of a refund due to overcharge.
  • Claim Tracer: a request for information concerning the status of a claim.
  • Classification (rating): the class to which an article is assigned for the purpose of applying transportation charges.
  • Clean Bill of Lading: a bill of lading received by for merchandise in good condition which does not bear such notation as "Shipper Load and Count," etc.
  • Clear Record: a record which shows that a shipment was handled without any loss or damage being sustained.
  • Cleat: a strip of wood or metal used to afford additional strength, to prevent warping or to hold in position.
  • Closed Van: a unit with metal sides and top completely enclosing the shipment being transported.
  • COD: cash or check paid for goods at delivery, which may include the cost of shipping.
  • Collector of Customs: a representative of the U.S. Treasury Department acting for the government in connection with foreign traffic.
  • Combination Rate: a rate made by combining two or more rates in different publications.
  • Combination Through Rate: a through rate made by combining two or more rates in different publications.
  • Commercial Zone: a geographical area of commercial influence of a specified point.
  • Commodity: any article of a shipment. Goods shipped.
  • Commodity Rate: a rate applicable to an article described or named in the publication containing the rate.
  • Common Carriers: those required to serve the general public on demand, at reasonable rates without discrimination.
  • Concealed Loss or Damage: loss or damage to the contents of a package which is not apparent until opened.
  • Concentration Point: a point at which less-than-truckload shipments are brought together to be re-forwarded as a truckload.
  • Connecting Carrier: a carrier which has a direct physical connection with another or forms a connecting link between two or more carriers.
  • Consignee: the person or organization to whom a shipment is shipped.
  • Consignee Marks: a symbol placed on packaged for export, generally consisting of a square, triangle, diamond, circle, cross, etc., with designation letter and/or numbers for the purpose of identification.
  • Containerization: shipping system based upon large cargo-carrying containers which can be easily be interchanged between trucks, trains and ships without rehandling of contents.
  • Continuous Seals: a term denoting that seals on a truck remain intact during the movement of the truck from point of origin to destination; or if broken in transit that it was done by the proper authority and without opportunity for loss to occur before new seals were applied.
  • Contract Carriers: a company which engages in for-hire transportation of property under an individual contract or agreement with one of a limited number of shippers.
  • Convertible: a unit that can be used wither as a flat-bed or open top through the use of removable side panels.
  • Cubic Foot: 1,728 cubic inches.
  • Cubic Ton: 40 cubic feet.
  • Cubic Capacity: the carrying capacity of a truck according to measurement in cubic feet.
  • CWT: Hundred weight.
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  • Dead Head: movement of a shipment without charges or movement of empty trailer.
  • Delivering Carrier: the transportation line by which a shipment is delivered to the consignee.
  • Delivery: the act of transferring possession, such as the transfer of property from shipper to carrier, one carrier to another or carrier to consignee.
  • Department of Transportation (DOT): federal agency that regulates the highway transportation of shipments including commodities designated as hazardous material.
  • Destination: the place to which a shipment is consigned.
  • Detention: a charge made for a vehicle held by or for shipper or consignee for loading or unloading, for forwarding directions or for any other purpose.
  • Direct: via the route of a single carrier.
  • Dispatching: the scheduling and control of trucks for pickup and delivery or travel between major terminals.
  • Distance Rate: rate that is applicable according to distance.
  • Distribution: generally considered to be the act of delivering less-than-truckload shipments within a city or an area beyond.
  • Diversion: Any shipment relinquished to the shipper, consignee or his agent at point of origin or intermediate point or before the shipment has reached its ultimate destination.
  • Dock: the platform where trucks are loaded and unloaded.
  • Dock Receipt: a receipt given for a shipment received or delivered at a pier or dock. When delivery of a foreign shipment is completed, the dock receipt is surrendered to the transportation line and a bill of lading is issued.
  • Dolly: an auxiliary axle assembly equipped with a fifth wheel that is used to convert a semi-trailer to a full trailer or a small platform on rollers or wheels used to handle a shipment in a warehouse.
  • DOT (Department of Transportation): federal agency that regulates the highway transportation of a shipment including commodities designated as hazardous materials..
  • Double Bottom: a combination of two semi-trailers or a semi-trailer and a full trailer, pulled by a tractor.
  • Doubles Trailer: Any vehicle less than 35 feet in length handled as one unit, propelled or drawn by a single power unit.
  • Drag Line: a mechanized system consisting of a continuous chain, either overhead of recessed in the floor, used in a shipping terminal to move shipments on carts from one part of the platform to another.
  • Draying: the charge made for handling shipments on carts, drays or trucks.
  • Dunnage: the material used to protect or support shipments in or on trucks.
  • Duty: a tax levied by a government on the import, export, use or consumption of goods.
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  • En route: on the way.
  • End-of-line(EOL): a terminal which receives inbound shipments from the breakbulk for delivery and sends outbound shipments to the breakbulk that has been picked up.
  • Entry (Customs): a statement of the kinds, quantities and values of goods imported together with duties due, if any, and declared before a customs office or other designated officer.
  • E.P.A.: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, a federal agency which regulates hazardous substances in the environment.
  • Estimated Weight: the weight specifically stated in publications for goods shipped in a manner.
  • Exchange Bill of Lading: a bill of lading issued in exchange for another bill of lading.
  • Exclusive Use of Trailer: a request made by a shipper, on the bill of lading, for the complete use of a trailer.
  • Exempt Trailer: trucks hauling certain commodities are exempt from Interstate Commerce Commission economic regulation. The largest portion of exempt commodities are agricultural commodities or seafood.
  • Expediting: to accelerate transportation. Expedited shipment service is usually faster than normal service.
  • Expiration Notice: a notice in a publication that all, or some part of it, will expire at a stated time.
  • Export: any traffic having a subsequent movement to a foreign country.
  • Extended Service: a service offered by in addition to the transportation of goods, such as stopping in transit to complete loading or to partially unload or storage.
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  • Freight All Kinds (FAK): the abbreviation applied to a pooling of different commodities for simplification of rating or pricing.
  • False Billing: describing shipment on shipping documents so as to misrepresent the actual contents of lading.
  • Fifth Wheel: part of a coupling device mounted on tractor which engages and locks with circular steel pin on a trailer.
  • Fixed Charges: charges which do not vary with an increase or decrease in traffic.
  • Flat Bed: a semitrailer with no sides and with floor of unit a standard height from the ground.
  • Fork Lift: a machine used to pick up and move goods loaded on pallets or skids.
  • FOB Destination, Freight Collect: The buyer pays the shipment charge, bears the eventual cost of the shipment, but the seller owns the goods in transit and files any damage claim.
  • FOB Destination, Freight Prepaid: The seller pays the shipment charge, bears the eventual cost, owns the goods in transit and files any damage claim.
  • FOB Destination, Freight Collect and Allowed: The buyer pays the shipment charge, but receives a credit for the amount, deducted from the seller's bill for the goods. The seller owns the goods in transit and files any damage claim.
  • FOB Origin, Freight Collect: The buyer pays the shipment charge, bears the eventual cost of the shipment, owns the goods in transit and files any damage claim.
  • FOB Origin, Freight Prepaid: The seller pays the shipment charge and bears the eventual cost, but the buyer owns the goods in transit and files any damage claim.
  • FOB Origin, Freight Prepaid and Charged Back: The seller pays the shipment charge, but bills it to buyer, who owns the goods in transit and files any damage claim.
  • Free Time: the period allowed the owner to accept delivery before storage charges begin to accrue.
  • Freight: merchandise hauled by a transportation line.
  • Freight-Astray: a shipment miscarried or unloaded at the wrong terminal, billed and forwarded to the correct terminal, free of charges, on account of being astray, hence the term "freight-astray".
  • Freight Bill: Document for common carrier shipment. Gives description of the shipment, amount of charges, taxes and whether prepaid or collect. Charges paid by the shipper are called prepaid shipment bills. Charges collected at designation are called destination or collect shipment bills.
  • Freight Line Charge: the cost of transporting shipments.
  • Freight Claim: a demand upon for the payment of overcharge or loss or damage sustained by the shipper or consignee.
  • Freight Forwarder: one who assembles small shipments into one large shipment which is then tendered to a regulated over-the-road carrier. Upon reaching destination, the shipments is separated into small shipments.
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  • Gateway: a point which shipments moving form one territory to another is interchanged between transportation lines.
  • G.B.L.: Government Bill of Lading.
  • Gross Ton: 2,240 pounds, commonly called a long ton.
  • Gross Weight: the weight of an article, together with the weight of its container and the material used in packing. As applied to a truck, the weight of the truck, together with the weight of its entire contents.
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  • Hazard Class: numerical designation of the primary transportation hazard based upon the chemical and physical properties of the hazardous chemical. For example, the hazard class assigned to acetone is 3, which corresponds to a flammable liquid.
  • Hazardous Material (HM): a substance or material which has been determined by the Department of Transportation to be capable of posing an unreasonable risk to health, safety and property when transported in commerce. A complete listing of hazardous material can be found in 49 CFR 172.101.
  • Heater Service: the protection of freezable shipments by heat.
  • High Cube: a trailer body with above average cubic content.
  • Hot Tag: a shipment requiring special handling to achieve earlier-than-normal delivery service.
  • Hub: terminal serving regionally located end-of-line terminals as breakbulk. The hub of a "hub and spoke system" is the breakbulk and the spokes lead to the EOL terminals it serves.
  • Hundred Weight: a statement of weight meaning 100 pounds, abbreviated CWT.
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  • Icing: refrigeration applied to preserve perishables.
  • Icing Charge: a charge made for icing perishable shipments.
  • IMDG (International Maritime Dangerous Goods): regulations that govern the transportation of hazardous material by water outside the territorial boundaries of the United States.
  • Import: any traffic having a prior movement from a foreign country.
  • In Bond: shipments moving under U.S. Customs Bond.
  • Initial Carrier: the transportation line to which a shipment is delivered by the shipper.
  • Initial Point: the point at which a shipment originates.
  • Inland Carrier: a transportation line which hauls export or import traffic between ports and inland points.
  • Insulated Van: a closed van with insulated body to assist in protecting shipments from heat and cold.
  • Interchange: transfer of shipments from one carrier to another.
  • Interline: between two or more carriers.
  • Interline Freight: shipments moving form point of origin to destination over the lines of two or more transportation providers,
  • Intermediate Carrier: a transportation line over which a shipment moves but on which neither the point of origin or destination is located..
  • Interstate: traffic having origin in one state and destination in another state.
  • Interstate Commerce Act: an act of Congress regulating the practices, rates and rules of transportation lines engaged in handling interstate traffic.
  • Intrastate: traffic having origin, destination, and entire transportation within the same state.
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  • Jacket: a wood or fiber cover placed around such containers as cans or bottles.
  • Joint Rate: a rate from a point located in one point located in one transportation line or a point located on another transportation line. A joint rate is made by agreement or arrangement between the carriers and published in a single publication under the concurrence of all transportation lines involved.
  • Joint Routes: routes established by two or more carriers for the continuous through movement of traffic via their respective lines.
  • Joint Traffic: traffic moving between stations located on one transportation line and stations located on another transportation line..
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  • Knocked Down: an article taken apart, folded or telescoped so as to reduce its normal cubage when set up or assembled by 33 1/3%.
  • Knocked Down Flat: an article taken apart, folded or telescoped so as to reduce its normal cubage when set up or assembled by 66 2/3%.
  • Known Loss: a loss discovered before or at the time of delivery of a shipment.
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  • Label, Hazard: a diamond shaped designation that has a unique pictorial symbol that describes each of nine hazard classes.
  • Lading: that which constitutes a load. The shipments in a vehicle.
  • Legal Holidays: Christmas Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Memorial Day, New Years Day, Presidents Day, Thanksgiving Day
  • LTL (Less-than-Truckload): a quantity of shipment less than that required for the application of truckload rate.
  • Lien: a legal claim upon goods for the satisfaction of some debt or duty.
  • Limited Quantity (LTD QTY): is a hazardous material that due to the quantity of material and type of packaging container may be exempt form labeling requirements, if it is not classified as a 6.1 poison
  • Line haul: the movement of shipments between cities, excluding pickup and delivery service.
  • Line haul truck: vehicles used to carry shipments long distances, usually a tractor-trailer combination of three or more axles.
  • Loading:
    - Furnishing to the Bill of Lading, forwarding directions, or other documents necessary for forwarding the shipment.
    - Notification to that the vehicle is loaded and ready for forwarding.
  • Local Delivery: Those points served direct and are within 25 miles of the original destination point.
  • Local Reconsignment: is reconsignment within the local (direct) delivering area of the original destination terminal. Local deliveries are those points served direct and are within twenty-five (25) miles of the original destination point.
  • Local Terminal: a local facility of a transportation line.
  • Log Book: a book carried and kept by truck drivers containing daily records of hours, routes, etc.
  • Long Ton: 2,240 pounds.
  • Loose: not packed.
  • Low Boy: a semi-trailer with no sides and with the floor of the unit close to the ground. Usually used in transporting heavy machinery or large objects.
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  • Marks: letters, numbers or characters placed on a package for identification.
  • Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS): an informational bulletin prepared by a manufacturer that identifies the chemical or trade name of the hazardous ingredients, the potential hazards associated with these chemicals, emergency first aid procedures associated with the overexposure to the chemicals, precautions for safe handling of the chemicals and procedures for cleanup and proper disposal of any material that has been spilled. An MSDS contains this information:
    - Control measures Identity
    - Emergency telephone numbers Physical and chemical
    - Fire and explosion hazard data characteristics
    - Hazardous ingredients Precautions
    - Reactivity (if mixed) Health hazard data
  • Maximum Rate: the highest rate that may be charges.
  • Memorandum Bill of Lading: the third part of a multiple set bill of lading.
  • Mile: 5,280 feet.
  • Mileage Rate: rates applied according to distance.
  • Minimum Charge: the least charge for which a shipment will be handled.
  • Minimum Rate: the lowest rate that may be charged.
  • Mixed Truckload: a truckload of different articles combined into a single shipment.
  • Mode: means of transportation by one of the following methods: air, water, highway, rail.
  • Motor Vehicle: any vehicle, machine, tractor, trailer or semitrailer propelled or drawn by mechanical power and used upon the highways in transportation of passengers or property.
  • Mullen Test: a device to test the strength of fiberboard or similar material used as a substitute for wood in making shipping containers.
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  • National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC): a publication for motor carriers containing rules, descriptions and ratings on all commodities moving in commerce.
  • Nested: packed one within another.
  • Net Ton: 2,000 pounds.
  • Net Weight: the weight of an article clear of its packing and contents of the truck.
  • Notice: information given signifying the accomplishment of an act, such as the placement of a trailer for loading or unloading.
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  • Open Top: a unit with sides but no roof.
  • Operating Expense: the cost incident to the actual handling of traffic.
  • Operating Ratio: the relation of operating expenses to gross receipts.
  • Overage: excess shipment over the quantity believed to have been shipped, or mare than the quantity shown on the shipping document.
  • O S & D (Over, Short and Damaged): a term used to describe a shipment that has been damaged or lost in transit or that arrives with more containers than originally shipped.
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  • Packing Group: a designation that corresponds to the degree of danger presented by a hazardous material. Packing Group I indicates GREAT DANGER. Packing Group II indicates MEDIUM DANGER. Packing Group III indicates MINOR DANGER.
  • Packing List: a detailed inventory of items contained in a shipment.
  • Pallet: a small wooden, paper or metal platform usually with top and bottom, on which packaged goods are placed to facilitate movement by some type of shipment handling equipment.
  • P & D: pickup and delivery of shipments.
  • Peddle Run: pickup or delivery route traveled by a city truck.
  • Perishable shipment: shipment subject to decay or deterioration.
  • Permits: authority or permit granted by the Interstate Commerce Commission to contract carriers by motor vehicle to operate in interstate commerce.
  • Pickup: service of a carrier in calling for and collecting shipments to be transported over its line.
  • Pickup or Delivery Allowance: a discount offered by to the consignee for pickup or shipper for delivery of a shipment to its terminal.
  • Piggyback: transportation of a highway trailer on a railroad flat car.
  • Placard: a diamond shaped sign of specified dimensions placed on both sides of trailer, and from and rear that communicates the hazard of a shipment inside the trailer
  • Point of entry: a port at which foreign goods are admitted into the receiving country. Ports of entry are officially designated by the government.
  • Point of Origin: the terminal which picks up a shipment from a shipper.
  • Premises: The entire property or facilities of the consignor, consignee, or other designated party.
  • Prepaid: a term denoting that transportation charges have been paid or are to be paid at the point of shipment.
  • Prior to Tender of Delivery: before shipment has been loaded on delivery vehicle (in cases where shipment is transferred to city delivery vehicle for delivery) or before shipment has been dispatched for delivery (in cases where shipment is not transferred to city vehicle for delivery).
  • Private Carrier: a transportation line not engaged in business as a general public employment.
  • Private Residence: apartments, churches, schools, camps and other such locations not generally recognized as commercial locations and shall apply to the entire premises, except any portion of the premises where commercial or business activity is conducted that involves the sales of services, products or merchandise to the walk-in public during normal business hours.
  • PRO: a number issued to each shipment by the carrier and used for computer tracking of the shipment to it's destination.
  • Prohibited Articles: articles which will not be handled.
  • Proof of Delivery: (also called P.O.D.) the delivery receipt copy of freight bill by receiver at time of delivery.
  • Proper Shipping Name: the name of a hazardous material designated by the DOT for highway transportation in 49 CFR 172.101. For example, the proper shipping name for the refrigerant R-12 is "dichlorodifluoromethane."
  • Proportional Rate: a rate specifically published to be used only as a factor in making a combination through rate.
  • Pup: a trailer usually connected in tandem to another trailer for over-the-road travel. A set of two pups connected together is often called "double bottoms."
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  • Rate: the charge for transporting a shipment.
  • Rate Base Number: number used to determine rates applicable between two points.
  • Rate Basis Point: point on which rate are made or at which the rate is divided; or point to which other points are assigned for purposes of determining rates.
  • Rate Scale: a table of rates graduated according to distances or zones.
  • Reconsignment: a change in the route made in a consignment before the arrival of the goods at their billed destination; or any change made in a consignment after the arrival of goods at their billed destination, when the change is made under conditions which make it subject to the reconsignment rules and charges of
  • Released Value: value of goods set by shipper in consideration of rate to be charged.
  • Reportable Quantity (RQ): a hazardous substance defined by the DOT with specific quantity limits per package that require notification of the National Response Center and if the specified quantity is released as the result of a spill.
  • Reshipment: goods reshipped under conditions which do not made the act subject to the reconsignment rules and charges of the carrier.
  • Restricted Articles: articles which are handled only under certain conditions.
  • Return to Shipper: any shipment returned to the same location at which it was originally tendered to the carrier.
  • Route: the course or direction that a shipment moves.
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  • Seal: a device for fastening or locking the doors of a truck.
  • Scale of Rates: numerous rates adjusted with reaction to each other.
  • Script Sheet: form of statement, carried by the driver, showing essential details of all shipments loaded in his truck.
  • Semi-trailer: a vehicle without motive power designed to be drawn by another vehicle and so constructed that some part of its weight and that of its load rests upon, or is carried by, a towing vehicle.
  • Set-Up: a term denoting complete assembly of an article or an assembled article.
  • Shipment: one or more pieces of product with the same shipper or consignee.
  • Shipper: company or individual who initiates the transport of goods.
  • Shipping Order: copy of the bill of lading.
  • Shortage: a deficiency in quantity shipped.
  • Site: A specific location at or on the premises of the consignor, consignee, or other designated party.
  • Slider: a trailer with a rear axle set that may be moved forward to the rear of the trailer to adjust the turning radius or weight balance for the type of load being hauled.
  • Split Pickup or Delivery: picking up or delivering volume shipments at more than one place within confines of origin or destination points.
  • Spotting: The placing, detaching and leaving in possesssion of a trailer unaccompanied by a tractor orpower unit at a specific site designated by the consignor, consignee, or other party designated.
  • Standard Rate: a rate established via direct routes from one point or another in relation to which the rates via other routes between same points are made.
  • Standard Route: line or lines which maintain standard rates.
  • Statute of Limitation: a statement within the bill of lading contract which places a limit on the time in which claims or suit may be instituted.
  • Storage: a charge made on property stored.
  • Storage-in-Transit: storage of property at a point other than the origin or destination of a shipment under application of a through rate.
  • Store Door Delivery: the movement of goods to the consignee's place of business.
  • Straight truck: has both the power unit and shipment storage as one vehicle.
  • Surcharge: a charge above the usual or customary charge.
  • Surtax: an additional or extra tax.
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  • Tare Weight: the weight of a container and the material used for packing.
  • Tender: to offer goods for transportation, or to offer to place trucks for loading or unloading.
  • Terminal: a building for the handling and temporary storage of shipments pending transfer between locations.
  • Terminal Carrier: the transportation line making delivery of a shipment at its destination.
  • Third Party: a payor of the shipment charges shown on the bill of lading that is neither the shipper or consignee.
  • Through Rate: a rate applicable form a point of origin to destination. A through rate may be either a joint rate or a combination of two or more rates.
  • Tolerance: an allowance made for difference in weights due to variations in scales or inherent nature of goods.
  • Ton-Mile: a unit used in comparing shipment earnings or expenses. The amount earned form or the cost of hauling a ton of shipments one mile.
  • Tonnage: the number of tons of shipments handled.
  • Track: to follow the movement of a shipment.
  • Tractor: A mechanically powered unit to propel or draw a trailer or trailers upon the highways.
  • Traffic: persons and property carried by transportation lines.
  • Trailer: Mobile units, with or without wheels, used to transport property.
  • Trailer Interchange: transfer of trailer and lading from one transportation line to another.
  • Transport: to move traffic form one place to another.
  • Truckload (TL): quantity of shipments required to fill a truck. When used in connection with shipment rates, the quantity of shipments necessary to qualify shipment for a truckload rate.
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  • Unclaimed Shipment: shipment which has not been called for by the consignee or owner.
  • Unit of Traffic: the average number of tons of shipments hauled one mile.
  • Unloading:
    - Surrender of the Bill of Lading to on shipments billed "To Order."
    - Payment of lawful charges to the carrier when required prior to delivery of the shipment.
    - Notification to that vehicle is unloaded and ready for forwarding.
    - Signing of delivery receipt.
  • UN Number: a four-digit number assigned to hazardous material required by the DOT for highway transportation, by IMDG for water transit, and by ICAO for air. It is used to help determine emergency response procedures in the event of a spill or release.
  • U.S. Mainland: the 48 contiguous states.
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  • Valuation, Actual: actual value of goods required to be shown on the bill of lading by shippers, where rate applied is dependent upon that fact.
  • Vehicle: Any vehicle or combination of vehicles handled as one unit, of not less than 35 feet in length, propelled or drawn by a single power unit. When the vehicle consists of a power unit and two or more trailers or containers, the combined length of the trailers or containers must not exceed 60 feet.
  • Volume Rate: commodity rates which are specifically made subject to a minimum weight of 10,000 pounds or more.
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  • Warehouse: a place for the receipt and storage of goods.
  • Warehouse Receipt: a receipt given for goods placed in a warehouse.
  • Waybill: description of goods sent with a common carrier shipment (Same as freight bill).
  • Weight Sheets: itemized list furnished by shippers to weighing bureaus showing articles in each consignment.
  • Wet Goods: liquids.

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