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Packaging/Palletizing Considerations

Packaging Considerations:

  • Avoid pre-used, old or moisture-exposed fiberboard cartons.
  • Use good-quality lumber in crates.
  • Don't nail into the end grain of lumber.
  • Use three-way locking corners and diagonals to help form a structurally sound open-frame crate.

Palletizing Considerations:

When to palletize:

  • When pieces fit squarely within the edges of a pallet.
  • When height and width of shipment pieces are similar.
  • When individual pieces in a load exceed 100 lb.
  • When individual pieces are less than 84" high.

When not to palletize:

  • When pieces are light enough to be stacked on top of heavier goods.
  • When a shipment isn't large enough to fill the surface of a pallet.
  • When containers have considerable air space and can crush easily.
  • When the sides of the containers overhang the sides of the pallet.

Form The Perfect Pallet:

  • Vertically align the edges of boxes.
  • Have no edges overhanging the pallet.
  • Make sure the top is flat.
  • Secure items by stretch wrap, banding or shrink film.
What to avoid:
Overhangs: up to 32 percent of the shipping container's stacking strength is lost. Pyramiding: ship extra cartons as loose pieces.
Misalignment: up to 30 percent of the stacking strength is lost. Interlocking: up to 50 percent of the stacking strength is lost.

Q. My shipment would make a total of two perfect pallets if it weren't for three left-over items. What should I do?
A. Label and ship those items as individual pieces. On your bill of lading, then, you would have a total piece count of five (2 pallets + 3 individual pieces).

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